Mount Semeru volcano feared to erupt again in Indonesia

Mount Semeru volcano feared to erupt again in Indonesia

highlights

  • Indonesia has about 17000 islands and 130 active volcanoes.
  • Massive devastation caused by the volcanic eruption of Mount Semeru on December 4
  • Mount Semeru may once again have a volcanic eruption

New Delhi:

There is an atmosphere of fear once again in Indonesia. Officials have issued a volcanic eruption alert. Officials fear that Mount Semeru, located on the island of Java, may once again have the most intense volcanic eruption. Officials have warned that Mount Semeru could fly again after a sudden eruption earlier this month that killed 48 people. There are about 17000 islands in Indonesia. There are about 130 active volcanoes here. Earthquakes are common here due to the eruption of volcanoes. Every year in Indonesia there is an earthquake and then a tsunami. After the earthquake in 2004, there was such a strong tsunami that the coastal areas of the Indian Ocean were devastated.

Indonesia’s geological agency said on Saturday it had observed a change in Mount Semeru similar to the December 4 event. The change could turn an avalanche of lava and searing gas into an eruption. That eruption was preceded by heavy monsoon rains, which partially collapsed the lava dome on the 3,676 m (12,060 ft) mountain.

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Indonesia’s Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Arifin Tasrif said new areas could be affected in the event of another explosion. This is because about 8 million cubic meters (283 million cubic feet) of sand from the crater of the volcano was blocking the bespoke Kobokan River, which was in the path of the lava flow.

“As a result, if another eruption occurs, it will block the flow path and create new lava flows that will spread to the surrounding area,” Tasrif said, adding that the government had set up a new hazard map and urged people to It was requested to follow.

Andiani, head of Indonesia’s Volcano and Geological Hazard Mitigation Center, said villagers living on the fertile slopes of Semeru have been advised to stay 13 kilometers (8 miles) from the crater’s mouth. The administration has also stopped tourism and mining activities along the Besuk Kobokan watershed.

The search and rescue operation ended on Friday and 36 people are yet to be traced. More than 100 people were injured, of whom 22 were seriously injured. National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Abdul Muhari said more than 5,200 homes and buildings were damaged.

After visiting the area last week, President Joko Widodo promised to rebuild infrastructure, including a main bridge connecting the most affected city of Lumajang to other cities, and move about 2,970 homes out of the danger zone. have to remove.

Semeru, also known as Mahameru, has erupted several times over the past 200 years. Despite this, tens of thousands of people live on its fertile slopes, on many of the 129 volcanoes that have been banned in Indonesia. It last erupted in January, with no casualties.

Indonesia, an archipelago of more than 270 million people, is prone to earthquakes and volcanic activity as it sits along the Pacific “Ring of Fire”.



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