KURUKSHETRA: A analysis research carried out by the Centre of Excellence for Analysis on the Saraswati River (CERSR) in Kurukshetra College (KU) has established that this river which is commonly termed as “legendary”, flowed in Haryana until the early fifteenth Century i.e. 1402 AD.
CERSR director Prof AR Chaudhari who’s engaged on Saraswati River since 2005 mentioned that the findings of his research titled ‘Saraswati River in northern India (Haryana) and its function in populating the Harappan civilization websites – A research primarily based on distant sensing, sedimentology and strata chronology’, has been revealed within the prestigious peer-reviewed SCI Worldwide Journal of Archeological Prospection, revealed in the UK by John Wiley publishing group.
Prof Chaudhari mentioned the motive of this research is to grasp the chronology of occasions of the possible Saraswati River, particularly the trigger and the time interval when the water stopped flowing on this river system within the foothills of Yamunanagar in Haryana.
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Within the research carried out by CERSR, it has been claimed that almost all of the paleo-channels of the Saraswati River system in Haryana and adjoining Rajasthan have been traced.
“The analysis has revealed that Saraswati River paleo-channels kind a dense internet of interconnecting channels that are constantly networked for greater than 2,984 kilometres (km) in Haryana. The person floodplain width of those channels varies from 1.5 to 13 km”, mentioned Prof Chaudhari.
Offering additional particulars concerning the paleo-channels, Prof Chaudhari mentioned, “Saraswati River system has two main paleo-channels. One passes by means of Yamunanagar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Pehowa, Kaithal, Jind, Fatehabad and Sirsa earlier than coming into Hanumangarh in Rajasthan. The second channel represents the Drishadwati river, which is a Vedic time tributary of the Saraswati River, passes by means of Yamunanagar, Karnal, Panipat, Sonepat, Jind and Hisar districts earlier than passing by means of Rawatsar in Rajasthan.”
As per the analysis paper, six trenches various in depth from 3 meters (m) to 10m have been excavated on the recognized paleo-channels overlaying a distance of about 120 km from foothill area of Yamunanagar to Pehowa within the Yamuna and Markanda rivers interfluve. Additionally, close to two dozen sediment samples have been chosen for optical simulation luminescence (OSL) courting and accelerator mass spectroscopy (AMS) primarily based Carbon 14 courting, out of the full collected 270 sediment samples.
“The age of the sediments was evaluated at the side of the textural and mineralogical traits of sediments. This research discovered that the Saraswati River was flowing in Haryana from before14±5 Kato as late as AD 1402 after which there was a sudden absence of movement within the channel thereafter”, mentioned Prof Chaudhari.
In regards to the question of sudden absence, Prof Chaudhari mentioned, “This abrupt change seems to be the consequence of sudden modification/diversion of contributing channels for developing 5 canals (Outdated Mughal Canal ~ modern-day – the Western Yamuna Canal – 325 km lengthy) ranging from foothills in Yamunanagar whereby there was a substantial anthropogenic re-routing of streams in order to make water obtainable at Fatehabad and Hisar. The channels of the Drishadvati River and the Chautang streams have been also used for routing this canal.”
“Moreover this, pure components comprising weakened Indian summer time monsoon, shrinkage of glacial cowl and meltwaters, channel avulsion and channel seize, local weather change and tectonic disruption of the enter channels within the lesser Himalayan terrain contributed in the direction of the gradual decay and supreme extinction of this mega river system”, claimed the director of CERSR at KU.
CERSR crew is working in shut coordination with the Oil and Pure Fuel Company Restricted who’ve a memorandum of understanding with Haryana Sarasvati Heritage Growth Board (HSHDB), which funds CERSR.
“The exploratory wells alongside Saraswati paleo-channel at Uncha Chandna yielded water which is greater than 10,000 years previous and the nicely at Pabni Kalan yielded water which is round 7000 years previous. At each these places, the water, primarily based upon secure isotope 16O/18O ratios, is of glacial origin, which factors in the direction of the glacial origin of the Saraswati River as additionally of its perennial character. It’s noticed that one of many trenches which have been obtained dug close to Bhadrakali Temple in Kurukshetra documented the continual fluvial exercise of Saraswati River for greater than 5,000 years”, mentioned Prof Chaudhari.
This research revealed that the previous bathing ghats (banks) at Bilaspur and Saraswati Nagar in Yamunanagar district, at Bhadrakali Temple in Kurukshetra and at Saraswati Tirtha, Thehpolar and Satora in Pehowa and at Thana in Kaithal are positioned on the identical Saraswati paleo-channel which matches from Adi Badri in Yamunanagar to Sirsa in Haryana and additional past into Rajasthan.
On this research, the authors from the KU and Inter-College Accelerator Centre, New Delhi concluded that every one the most important archaeological websites in Haryana, specifically, Siswal, Rakhigarhi, Banawali, Bhirrana, Kunal, Balu, Thana are positioned at a radial distance of lower than 500m from the Saraswati or the Drishadwati River paleo-channels.
It has been discovered that the Harappan settlements in Haryana and Rajasthan nucleated and prospered within the fertile channel bars and interfluves of this river system. The presence of serious clay beds point out that round 14,000 years, 6,000 years and 4,000 years in the past there was a weakening of monsoons and drought situations which resulted in close to absence of movement within the channels.
On this research, the authors have concluded that there’s a continuity in tradition from the Mesolithic cultural part courting 6500 to 5500 BC, by means of the Neolithic, the Early Harappan. The Mature Harappan and additional forward time interval in Rakhigarhi and Bhirrana which is an affidavit of the function of the Saraswati River system in sustaining the Harappan settlements in Haryana.
The federal government of Haryana established CERSR at KU in 2017, with a mandate to scientifically validate the Saraswati River System and its related heritage. CERSR is being funded by HSHDB, Panchkula, whose chairman is Haryana chief minister (CM) Manohar Lal Khattar.
Presently, HSHDB is cleansing the channel of Saraswati River, with a motive to movement water on this channel from Adi Badri, Yamunanagar to Pehowa, Kurukshetra and additional risk in Haryana.