Ways of protest ‘thousand’ in democracy, then why were the roads and markets closed?

लोकतंत्र में विरोध के तरीके 'हजार', फिर क्यों बंद किए गए सड़कें और बाजार?

New Delhi: Behind the scenes, farmer leaders say something else and block the country on the streets protesting agricultural laws. We want to ask the whole country whether you want Bharat Khula or you want Bharat Bandh.

A handful of farmers made the country hostage

A handful of farmers of our country, with the support of opposition parties, tried to shut down the world’s largest democracy with a population of 135 crores on Monday (Bharat Bandh). They forgot that 135 crore people of India will neither stop nor give contract to anyone else to decide for themselves.

That’s why we want to ask Rakesh Tikait and his colleagues whether the people of this country will go to work or not, whether the roads of this country will remain open or not. Who gave them the right to decide this? These people consider their protest a democratic right, but they do not accept the decisions of the same democratically elected government. That’s why we will expose their movement as well.

Heavy traffic jam at Delhi-Gurugram border

On Monday, due to the farmers’ Bharat Bandh, there was a huge traffic jam at the Delhi-Gurugram border. It is estimated that there were about five thousand vehicles stuck in this jam. If we assume that two people were also sitting in a car, then according to this, 10 thousand people got stuck on the Delhi-Gurugram border due to the farmers’ movement. This traffic jam was also caused because the police had barricaded to prevent the farmers from entering Delhi.

On the first day of the week, most people would have thought that they would reach their office or their shop on time. But this could not happen because of the peasant movement. It would be ironic to say that in India, the constitutional rights of a handful of people who bandh the country are cited. At the same time, no one talks about the lakhs of people whose rights are closed in such a bandh.

During the Bharat Bandh, only a handful of farmers closed the highway, and in the morning the people who left for office were forcibly returned. From stopping trains to violating traffic rules, everything happened in the name of demonstration and bandh in this movement. It is a paradox that at the time when these thousands of people were stuck in traffic jams due to this Bharat Bandh. At that time, the farmer leader Rakesh Tikait, who called the bandh, was giving his interview to different news channels.

Political parties joined the farmers’ Bharat bandh

Today, once you remember, which was the last time you saw such a Bharat Bandh, which has been able to successfully achieve its objective. Even if any movement got success in the history of 74 years, it was very immediate and the time in which that movement was formed, its expiry date also came in less time than that. For example, farmers protesting against agricultural laws have called Bharat Bandh thrice since November last year, but to no avail.

On the contrary, every time this Bharat Bandh took a political form. The last time the Bharat Bandh on 26 March was supported by 20 political parties and this time the number has gone even higher. Except in some areas of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, wherever there were demonstrations on Monday under Bharat Bandh in the country, instead of farmers, workers of political parties were there. That is the truth of this shutdown.

The first strike took place in 1862.

There is no exact information available about when and where the strike and bandh started for the first time in India. In some historical documents it is claimed that the bandh and strike started in India in 1862, when the workers working in the factories went on strike. Actually, they wanted to reduce their working hours to 8 hours. This happened when India was a slave of the British.

Various methods like Bharat Bandh, Road Bandh and Market Bandh were adopted to protest against the British. The purpose of adopting these methods was to overthrow the British government from India. Mahatma Gandhi was at the forefront of those who invented non-violent and peaceful methods of protest at that time and he did this work very brilliantly.

He did not fire a single bullet against the British. But on the basis of movements, India got freedom. But even after independence, the process of movements in India did not end. The people of our country never understood that during the British era, there were movements like Bharat Bandh because people did not have constitutional and democratic rights at that time. but it’s not like that anymore

Dr. Ambedkar had warned the country

This challenge was realized 72 years ago by Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar, the architect of the Constitution. In his last speech in the Constituent Assembly in the year 1949, Ambedkar had said that if India wants to move forward, then it will have to leave the traditions of protesting in democracy, in which movements like Satyagraha and non-cooperation are done. He had said that when people, despite having constitutional rights and democratic system, adopt traditional movement as a method of protest, then freedom will have no meaning.

It is unfortunate that there was a lot of politics in the name of Ambedkar in our country but no one adopted his ideas. The people of India have the right to agitation and protests under Article 19 of the Constitution. This article of the constitution gives people the fundamental right of freedom of expression.

politics in the name of movement

For political parties, these movements become an appropriate platform to pretend to be an instant revolution. In the name of movements, destructive politics starts happening, whereas the exact opposite should happen. That is, a positive way of protest should be adopted. This is a long struggle, it takes a lot of hard work and no political party has neither the patience nor the intention for it.

Now let us tell you that what else the farmers could have done in place of Bharat Bandh?
Instead of closing the roads, farmers could protest against the government by doing double work in their fields. This would have meant that the farmers would also get the support of the common people and they would not get upset.

If the farmers wanted, instead of stopping the traffic on the roads, they would have stood on the roads to open the traffic jams. By doing this he could convey his demands to the people. If these farmers had registered their protest against the government by planting trees today, a positive attitude would have been seen in the country towards their movement.

A unique movement by a cab company in Thailand

A cab company in Thailand did just that. Due to Kovid, when his two and a half thousand vehicles were forced to stand in one place, he started farming on the roof of these vehicles. Seeing this local protest against the government there, became global news.

Farmers can also take the route of their democratic right to protest against agricultural laws. For this, he can get the government of his ideology to win in the Lok Sabha elections of 2024, which should abolish these laws as soon as they come to power.

Farmers can exercise this democratic right in the assembly elections to be held next year in UP and Punjab. But he will not do this, because the politicians of our country are not interested in this.

PM warns union in Singapore

You can also understand this with an example from Singapore, where the pilot union of Singapore Airlines went on strike in the year 1980. Then the first Prime Minister there, Lee Kuan Yew, had warned him to return to work instead of accepting their demands. He had said that if the strike does not end immediately, he is ready to shut down Singapore Airlines and start afresh. After this the strike was over.

This situation is also when the government has made many efforts to end this movement. In the last 10 months, the central government has held 11 rounds of talks with the farmers. The government has also told the farmers that it is ready to give a written guarantee of Minimum Support Price of crops.

The government had also told the farmers in the conversation that it would put all three agricultural laws on hold for 18 months. But the farmers still did not agree. The government had also promised to withdraw the Electricity Amendment Bill 2021, under which farmers want exemption in electricity bill.

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The government has not taken any strict action on the farmers yet.

Apart from this, the government was ready to take back the rules made by the central government to prevent farmers from burning stubble, on the demand of the farmers. Despite this, the farmers did not end their protest.

Most importantly, the government did not take any coercive action against the agitating farmers in the last 10 months. There was no lathi charge. That too when these alleged farmers had committed violence at the Red Fort on 26 January this year. Earlier this was not the case.

In the year 1988, when Rakesh Tikait’s father Mahendra Singh Tikait had reached Boat Club in Delhi with 5 lakh farmers for a higher price of sugarcane, the then Rajiv Gandhi government ordered the supply of water, electricity and food to remove these farmers from there. was stopped. Some reports say that lathi-charge was also done at that time to drive away the farmers. But the present central government did not do anything like this.

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